Zazpi jauzi. J. L. Aristi. Hernani, 1999.

Tronboia (JMBA bilduma, 0357)

Tronboi jolea Erramuntxo Orkestran. 1959/02/01. (Arg. Iñaki Irigoien -dantzariak 52)


The trombone belongs to the aerophone instrument group.

Description of the instrument

It has a curved and rolled metal cylindrical tube. At one end it has a mouthpiece, and at the other it has a bell widening that serves to broaden the sound. There are two types: the piston trombone consists of three pistons that are operated to give the various notes, and the rod trombone that works by inserting and removing a double tube part in the other, thus changing the of the instrument and producing the pitch changes. In Basque popular music, pistons have been the most common.

Way of playing

The instrument is held with both hands. The mouthpiece is placed against the lips and they vibrate while blowing.


This type of metal instruments with pistons have formed various groups and have toured parties and festivities throughout Euskal Herria for years, playing different music and dances.

The presence of the trombone has been important since the end of the 19th century in music bands and in later orchestras, brass bands and fanfarres.

The most significant groups in our folklore have been those that guided the dances of Lapurdi and Baxe Nabarre.



SAGASETA ARIZTEGI, Migel Angel. (1977). Danzas de Valcarlos; Luzaideko Iantzak. Pamplona: Diputación Foral de Navarra.

(2011). Luzaideko ddantzak. Bilbo: Herritar Berri-Astero; Baigorri-Gara.


RAMUNTCHO, Orchestre ( ): Bal champêtre. Au Pays Basque. Nº 2 Agorila. P.M. 33-6.

( ): Irrintzina. Agorila. AG 70-14.

( ): Bal champêtre. Au Pays Basque. Agorila. AG. 70.02.

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