Arin-arina. Juan Mari Beltran. Oiartzun, 1998.

Alegiako txistularia izan zen German Intxaustiren okarina. Okarina hau berak jotzen omen zuen gazte garaian (JMBA bilduma, 0983).

Antzuolako Joseba Gastiainek egindako okarina. (JMBA bilduma, 1315)

Lizarrako Carmelo Boneta okarina jotzen. 2020.


The ocarina is an instrument of the aerophone group.

Description of the instrument

It is an elongated earthenware container, half cylindrical and half pseudo-conical, with a flute mouth for blowing. The most common ocarinas usually have eight, nine, or ten finger holes (one or two of them at the back). As stated in Pedrell's Technical Music Dictionary, based on instruments of this type that were used previously, it was invented by Budrio, from the Italian town of Budrio.

Way of playing

The instrument is held with both hands and blows through the mouth, as in the rest of flutes.


As in other places in our environment, these instruments have been used in many towns and places in Euskal Herria. For example, in the music bands (one of them, that of Zumarraga) or in Oiartzun, where once it was played in bars or on the street alone. We can still hear some people in Estella playing the repertoire of the area with ocarina.

Germán Intxausti (1926-2004), a txistulari from Alegia (Gipuzkoa), played the ocarina in his youth. On Germán's death, his son Rikardo donated his instrument to the JMBA Collection. It is currently exhibited at the Soinuenea exhibition.

Ocarina played German Intxausti from Alegia (JBMA Collection. Nº 0983)



PEDRELL, Felipe. (1894). Diccionario Técnico de la Música. Serv. rep. de libros, Librerías Paris-Valencia. Facsimil. Valentzia, 1992.

Types of cookies

Analysis or measurement cookies

These are the cookies that allow us to track and analyze user behavior on our website in order to make improvements based on the analysis of usage data made by users of the service.

Cookies for sharing on social networks

We use some social media sharing add-ons, to allow you to share certain pages of our website on social networks. These add-ons set cookies so that you can correctly see how many times a page has been shared.